MUSINGS PAHVAC - ZVAKASIYANA ZVINHU ZVAKASIYANA ZEVENTILATION

Ventilation iko kuchinjana kwemukati nekunze kwemhepo yezvivakwa uye inoderedza kuwanda kwekusvibiswa kwemhepo mukati mekuchengetedza hutano hwevanhu.Kuita kwayo kunoratidzirwa maererano nehuwandu hwemhepo yemhepo, chiyero chekufema, frequency yemhepo, nezvimwe.

Zvinosvibisa zvinogadzirwa mukati kana kuunzwa mumakamuri zvinosanganisira CO2, chiutsi chefodya, huruva, makemikari akadai semidziyo yekuvakisa, sprays, deodorants, uye zvinonamira, uyezve mold, mite, uye mavhairasi.Zvichakadaro, kunze kwemhepo zvinosvibisa zvinosanganisira kubudisa gasi, mukume, PM 2.5 iyo inonzi particulate matter ine diameters kusvika ku 2.5 micrometers, utsi, jecha reyero, sulfite gasi, nezvimwewo.Kana mhepo yekunze iine zvinosvibisa, zvinofanirwa kusarudzwa kuti zvofefeterwa here kana kuti kwete.

Pane zvinhu zvitatu zvakakosha zvinotonga kufefetedza kwezvivakwa: huwandu hwemhepo yekunze, kunaka kwemhepo yekunze, uye mafambiro emhepo.Zvichienderana nezvinhu zvitatu izvi zvinokosha, kushanda kwemhepo yezvivakwa kunogona kuongororwa kubva kune zvikamu zvina zvinotevera: 1) Mwero wakakwana wemhepo unopiwa;2) Yese yemukati yemukati yekuyerera kwemhepo nzira inofamba kubva munzvimbo yakachena kuenda kune yakasviba zone;3) Mhepo yekunze inopeperetswa zvakanaka;uye 4) Izvo zvinosvibisa zvemukati zvinobviswa zvinobudirira.

mhando dzeventilation

Kufefetedza kwechisikigo kufefetedza nemhepo inopinda/kunetesa kuburikidza nepakaputsika, mahwindo, uye zviteshi zvekupinza/kupedza simba zvezvivakwa, uye zvinokanganiswa zvakanyanya nemhepo iri kunze.

Kuti usangane nemiyero yekufefetera munyika imwe neimwe uye dunhu, mechanical ventilation inodiwa kuwedzera kune yakasikwa ventilation.

Mechanical ventilation is ventilation by fan system, uye nzira dzinoshandiswa inzira yakadzikama, kufefetedza kwakadzikama nenzira yekudziya kupisa, nzira yekuburitsa, uye nzira yekupa.

Balanced ventilation inopa uye inopedza mweya panguva imwe chete uchishandisa fan system, zvichiita kuti zvikwanise kuita yakarongwa kufefetera, inova mukana wayo.Kupindirana kwemhepo nekupisa kupora kuri nyore kuwana nekuwedzera basa rekuchinjana kupisa, uye vazhinji vanogadzira dzimba vanotora nzira iyi.

Exhaust ventilation inoshandisa feni masisitimu ekupedza mhepo uye inoshandisa mhepo yakasikwa kubva kumhepo zviteshi, mapeji, nezvimwewo. Iyi nzira inowanzoshandiswa mudzimba dzakajairwa.Kunyanya, inoshandiswa kune zvimbuzi uye makicheni anogadzira kusvibiswa kwemweya, hwema, uye utsi.

Supply ventilation inoshandisa feni masisitimu ekupa mweya uye inoshandisa mhepo yemhepo inopera kuburikidza nemhepo zviteshi, magapu, etc. Supply ventilation inoshandiswa munzvimbo umo mweya wakasviba usingapindi, semuenzaniso mumakamuri akachena, zvipatara, mafekitori, uye horo.
Muenzaniso wekugara mhepo yemhepo inoratidzwa mumufananidzo 2.

pekugara kufefetedza

Mechanical ventilation inoda dhizaini dhizaini inotarisisa ese maficha ekuchenjerera dhizaini, kuomarara sisitimu kugadzirisa, miitiro yakasimba, uye yemukati nharaunda kunaka uye kushanda nesimba.

 

Kufefetedza, Air Conditioning, Airtightness/Insulation
Vanhu vanoshandisa air conditioning kuti vawane nzvimbo ine tembiricha yakanaka uye hunyoro.Kuti uchengetedze simba rekugadzirisa mhepo kubva pakuona kwekudzivirira kudziya kwepasi, kusapinda kwemhepo uye kupisa kwezvivakwa, izvo zviri zviviri zvinoderedza kurasikirwa kwemhepo uye kurasikirwa kwekupisa, zviri kukurudzirwa.Zvisinei, muzvivakwa zvisingapindi mhepo zvakanyanya uye zvakavharirwa zvakanyanya, mhepo inofefetera inova isina kunaka uye mweya unowanzoita tsvina, saka kufefeterwa kwemuchina kunodiwa.

Nenzira iyi, mhepo inogadzirisa mhepo, mhepo uye kupisa kwezvivako zvezvivako, uye mhepo inopindirana inopindirana sezvinoratidzwa mumufananidzo 3. Iko zvino zvingave zvinokurudzirwa kuti zvibatanidze mhepo yakanyatsoshanda, chivako chepamusoro uye chakavharidzirwa zvikuru, uye kupindirana kwemhepo nekupisa. kupora.Zvisinei, sezvo mari yekuona kusanganiswa uku yakakwira, zvakakosha kubatanidza zvinhu zvitatu zvataurwa pamusoro apa, nekufungisisa kwekutanga maererano nenguva, nzvimbo, uye mamiriro ezvinhu.Izvo zvakakoshawo kutsvagisa nekugadzira masisitimu anoshandisa zvinobudirira kufefetera kwepanyama.Mararamiro anoshandisa zvakanaka kufefetedza kwemhepo kwepanyama angave akakosha.

hukama pakati pemhepo uye ac

 

Ventilation seVirus Countermeasure
Pakati pematanho akasiyana-siyana anokurudzirwa kurwisa zvirwere zvinotapukira mumakore achangopfuura, kufefetedza kunonzi ndiyo nhanho inoshanda yekuderedza hutachiona hwemukati.Mhedzisiro yakawanda yakataurwa zvichitevera kuenzanisa kwemhedzisiro yekufemesa pamusoro pehutachiwana hwemunhu asina hutachiona mukamuri ine munhu ane hutachiona.Hukama huri pakati pehuwandu hwehutachiona hwehutachiona uye kufema hunoratidzwa.

hutachiona hwehutachiona uye kufema

muFig. 4 Kunyange zvazvo paine shanduko zvichienderana nekutapukira uye kuzara kwehutachiona mukamuri pamwe chete nenguva iyo munhu asina kutapukirwa anogara mukamuri, zera, chimiro chemuviri, uye kana asina kana mask, the huwandu hwehutachiona hunodzikira sezvo mwero wekufemesa uchiwedzera.Ventilation inopa dziviriro yakasimba kubva kumavhairasi.

 

Ventilation-inoenderana Indasitiri Trends
Sezvataurwa pamusoro apa, kufefetera nguva dzose kunodiwa kudzivirira kutapukira munzvimbo dzakavharirwa, uye chinhu ichi chiri kukurudzira indasitiri ine chekuita nemhepo.Holtop semugadziri anotungamira weiyo ventilation system inopa akati wandei maventilator.Kuti uwane zvimwe zvigadzirwa informaiton, ndapota tinya iyi link kuti udzidze zvakawanda:https://www.airwoods.com/heat-recovery-ventilator/

Iko kudiwa kwe CO2 yekutarisisa masensa kuri kuwedzerawo nekuti nzvimbo ye CO2 inoburitswa nekufema kwevanhu inoonekwa seyero inoshanda yekufemesa.Mazhinji CO2 ekutarisa sensors akaburitswa, uye zvigadzirwa uye masisitimu anoashandisa kutarisa CO2 kusungwa munzvimbo uye kubatanidza masystem emhepo akatangwa pamusika.Holtop yakaburitswaCO2 monitoriyo inogona kubatana neyekupisa kudzoreredza ventilator zvakare.

Zvigadzirwa zvinosanganisa ma air conditioners uye ventilation system uye CO2 yekutarisisa masisitimu atanga kushandiswa munzvimbo dzakawanda dzakadai semahofisi, zvipatara, nzvimbo dzekuchengeta, horo, uye mafekitori.Izvi zviri kuva zvinhu zvakakosha zvezvivakwa zvitsva nezvivakwa.

Kuti uwane rumwe ruzivo, ndapota ona: https://www.ejarn.com/detail.php?id=72172


Nguva yekutumira: Jun-27-2022

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